Get A Companion to Biological Anthropology (Blackwell Companions PDF

February 14, 2018 | Anthropology | By admin | 0 Comments

By Clark Spencer Larsen

ISBN-10: 1405189002

ISBN-13: 9781405189002

An intensive assessment of the speedily starting to be box of organic anthropology; chapters are written through top students who've themselves performed a huge position in shaping the course and scope of the self-discipline. <ul type="disc"> * large assessment of the speedily growing to be box of organic anthropology * Larsen has created a who’s who of organic anthropology,   with contributions from the top specialists within the box * Contributing authors have performed an important function in shaping the path and scope of the themes they write approximately * bargains discussions of present concerns, controversies, and destiny instructions in the quarter * provides insurance of the various fresh concepts and discoveries which are remodeling the topic

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Extra info for A Companion to Biological Anthropology (Blackwell Companions to Anthropology)

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S. Haldane, tackled key issues by using mathematics and founded the new area of study called population genetics (Relethford, Chapter 4). As applied to humans, population genetics is fundamental to explaining patterns of genetic change, and biological anthropologists have been at the forefront of the continued development of this area of study. More than any other discipline, biological anthropology recognized the importance of variation in DNA markers for interpreting evolutionary change in primates, including humans.

Charles R. Darwin’s (1809–82) publication of the Origin of Species in 1859 and his ideas about evolution brought about changes within the community of ethnologists and physical anthropologists. ). The former was represented by ethnologists and Darwinian evolutionists (including Alfred Wallace (1823–1913), Thomas Huxley (1825–95), John Lubbock (1834–1913), and E. B. Tylor (1832–1917)), while the latter was characterized by interests in craniology and race, by a resistance to evolution, and by widespread support for polygenist views (Stocking 1987).

Hrdlicˇka (1919) believed that the growing science of eugenics would essentially be transformed into a form of applied anthropology. Charles B. Davenport (1866–1944), later president of the AAPA (1943–4), was an early proponent of eugenics. He established the Carnegie Institution-funded Eugenics Record Office at Cold Spring Harbor. Davenport, along with Henry Fairfield Osborn (1857–1935) and Madison Grant (1865–1937), founded the Galton Society in 1918 (Gregory 1919). Osborn’s nephew, Frederick Osborn, was one of the early directors of the American Eugenics Society and was instrumental in the society’s transformation to a post-war ‘new’ eugenics, which was largely concerned with family planning, human population demography, and medical genetics (Osborne and Osborne 1999).

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A Companion to Biological Anthropology (Blackwell Companions to Anthropology) by Clark Spencer Larsen

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