By HIRUT WOLDEMARIAM
Read or Download A GRAMMAR OF HARO (OMOTIC) WITH COMPARATIVE NOTES ON THE OMETO LINGUISTIC GROUP PDF
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Extra resources for A GRAMMAR OF HARO (OMOTIC) WITH COMPARATIVE NOTES ON THE OMETO LINGUISTIC GROUP
2. Definiteness Definiteness in Haro denotes familiarity of the referent expressed by the noun to both the speaker as well as the hearer. This feature of definiteness in Haro fits into the notion of definiteness characterized by C. Lyons (1999: 2-3): In the case of indefinite noun phrases, the speaker may be aware of what is being referred to and the hearer probably not, with a definite noun phrase this awareness is signalled as being shared by both participants. A definite noun phrase signals that the entity denoted by the noun phrase is familiar to both speaker and hearer, and the indefinite noun is used where the speaker does not want to signal such shared familiarity.
14) azá ge índo azá ádde azá ‘hippopotamus’ ge ‘female ge ‘male hippopotamus’ č’okóšo índo č’okóšo ádde č’okóšo ‘eland’ ‘female ‘male eland’ gáárma índo gáárma ádde gáárma ‘lion’' ‘lioness’ ‘male lion’ kaná índo kaná ádde kaná ‘dog’ ‘bitch’ ‘dog’ tolko índo tolko ádde tolko ‘hyena’ ‘female ‘male hyena’ In addition, hippopotamus’ eland’ hyena’ áltu ‘female’ and kórma ‘male, bull’ are used to indicate feminine and masculine genders. These two forms are loan words from Oromo (cf: Stromer 1946:73) It may be the case that Haros borrowed these forms from their Guji Oromo neighbours.
Each one will be discussed in turn. 1. Phonetic properties of the TV and the suffix vs. instability of TVs The high vowel –i is attested being the most unstable TV of nouns in Haro. 5 in certain phonetic environments, TV –i can optionally be deleted or devoiced even when there is no suffix following it. - 44 - When followed by a vowel initial suffixal element, all TVs are deleted and that is considered as triggered by phonotactics. See for instance the following nouns (4). 4) IND:SG déyšš-i ass-í wudír-i IND:Paucal deyšš-úns’u ass-uns’ú wudir-úns’u ‘goat’ ‘man’ ‘female’ On the other hand, when a consonantal suffix is added to a noun, stability of the TV is determined by quality of the vowel and gender feature of the suffix.
A GRAMMAR OF HARO (OMOTIC) WITH COMPARATIVE NOTES ON THE OMETO LINGUISTIC GROUP by HIRUT WOLDEMARIAM