Read e-book online A Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Science PDF

February 14, 2018 | History Philosophy | By admin | 0 Comments

By John Losee

ISBN-10: 0198700555

ISBN-13: 9780198700555

Designed for first-time readers of the topic, this stimulating creation bargains a old exposition of differing perspectives at the philosophy of technological know-how. With concise profiles featuring the most important philosophers whose contributions are mentioned during this booklet, Losee explores the long-argued questions raised by way of philosophers and scientists concerning the right overview of technology. This new version comprises modern advancements within the self-discipline, together with fresh paintings on theory-appraisal, experimental perform, the talk over clinical realism, and the philosophy of biology. Taking a balanced and informative process, this paintings is the suitable introductory quantity.

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Adams and U. J. J. Leverrier independently calculated the position of this new planet. One ingredient in their calculations was the assumption that the mean distance of the new planet would be given by the next term in Bode’s Law (). The planet Neptune was discovered by Galle in the region predicted by Leverrier. * With the inclusion of Neptune, Bode’s Law no longer satisfied the criterion of successful fit. Hence one may be a Pythagorean today without being impressed by Bode’s Law. On the other hand, since Pluto’s distance is very close to the Bode’s Law value for the next planet beyond Uranus, a person with a Pythagorean bent might be tempted to explain away the anomalous case of Neptune by insisting that Neptune is a lately captured acquisition of the solar system, and not one of the original planets at all.

Then, in , William Herschel discovered a planet beyond Saturn. Astronomers on the continent calculated the distance of Uranus from the sun and found it to be in excellent agreement with the next term in Bode’s Law (). Eyebrows were raised. The sceptics no longer could dismiss this correlation as an “after the fact” numerical coincidence. An increasing number of astronomers began to take Bode’s Law seriously. A search was undertaken for the “missing planet” between Mars and Jupiter, and the asteroids Ceres and Pallas were discovered in  and .

14 Ibid. –. 15 Euclid, Elements, Book IX, Proposition . 16 John Buridan, Questions on the Eight Books of the Physics of Aristotle, Book VIII, Question , reprinted in M. : University of Wisconsin Press, ), . 17 A. C. Crombie, Robert Grosseteste, –. , III. –, in Ockham Studies and Selections, trans. and ed. S. C. , ), –. 19 Duns Scotus: Philosophical Writings, –. 20 Nicolaus of Autrecourt, ‘Second Letter to Bernard of Arezzo’, in Medieval Philosophy, ed. H. Shapiro (New York: The Modern Library, ), –.

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A Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Science (OPUS) by John Losee


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