A history of the English language - download pdf or read online

February 14, 2018 | Linguistics | By admin | 0 Comments

By Baugh, Albert Croll; Cable, Thomas

ISBN-10: 0203994639

ISBN-13: 9780203994634

ISBN-10: 0415280982

ISBN-13: 9780415280983

ISBN-10: 0415280990

ISBN-13: 9780415280990

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To the East Germanic branch belonged also Burgundian and Vandalic, but our knowledge of these languages is confined to a small number of proper names. North Germanic is found in Scandinavia, Denmark, Iceland, and the Faroe Islands. Runic inscriptions from the third century preserve our earliest traces of the language. In its earlier form the common Scandinavian language is conveniently spoken of as Old The Indo-European family of languages 29 Norse. From about the eleventh century on, dialectal differences become noticeable.

Grimm’s Law. A further important step was taken when in 1822 a German philologist, Jacob Grimm, following up a suggestion of a Danish contemporary, Rasmus Rask, formulated an explanation that systematically accounted for the correspondences between certain consonants in the Germanic languages and those found for example in Sanskrit, Greek, and Latin. His explanation, although subsequently modified and in some of the details of its operation still a subject of dispute, is easily illustrated. According to Grimm, a p in Indo-European, preserved as such in Latin and Greek, was changed to an f in the Germanic languages.

Irish is spoken by about 500,000 people, most of whom are bilingual. Whether nationalist sentiment will succeed in arresting the declining trend that has been observable here as in the other Celtic territory remains to be seen. If language planning efforts fail, it seems inevitable that eventually another branch of the Indo-European family of languages will disappear. , Oxford, 1936), pp. 444–58. , London, 1972), chaps. 1, 2, and 9. The Indo-European family of languages 31 27. Twentieth-century Discoveries.

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A history of the English language by Baugh, Albert Croll; Cable, Thomas

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