By Günther Ludwig
Written within the culture of G. Ludwig’s groundbreaking works, this booklet goals to elucidate and formulate extra exactly the primary principles of actual theories. by means of introducing a uncomplicated descriptive language of easy shape, during which it's attainable to formulate recorded proof, ambiguities of actual theories are shunned up to attainable. during this technique the sphere of physics that are meant to be defined by way of a conception is dependent upon easy thoughts in basic terms, i.e. options that may be defined and not using a concept. during this context the authors introduce a brand new inspiration of idealization and evaluate the method of studying new strategies. they suspect that, while the theories are formulated inside an axiomatic foundation, options are available to many tough difficulties similar to the translation of actual theories, the kinfolk among theories in addition to the creation of actual innovations. The publication addresses either physicists and philosophers of technology and may motivate the reader to give a contribution to the certainty of the lasting middle of actual wisdom concerning the actual buildings of the area.
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Additional info for A New Foundation of Physical Theories
It appears to us that it brings essential advantages if one allows only restricted forms of sentences in Bl . 38 3 From Reality to Mathematics Another example: We have measured the distance value α between two objects with the help of a pre-theory of measuring distances. The physicists use for the majority of time very simple, and therefore also very imprecise, formulations, as for example, ‘The distance between the objects a1 and a2 has the value α’. Such a sentence is not correct since there is no exact real number α as a value of the distance!
1 , . ), then they refer to objects that are deﬁned in the context of a pre-theory, and can be described by real numbers that are also deﬁned in a pre-theory. For example, they can refer to marked spots and time-points that are deﬁned in the context of a pre-theory of Newton’s space–time reference system, and can be described by real numbers t for time and three rectangular coordinates (x1 , x2 , x3 ) which are also deﬁned in a pre-theory (See Sect. 3). Relation of Representation The relation of representation holds between some members at the conceptual level and their correlates at the reality level.
Designation reference & representation denotation - objects - facts - Reality level Fig. 1. Semantic relations One can understand that linguistic entities designate conceptual entities. But how we get relations between conceptual entities and real entities is a very complicated process: We will not describe the process of obtaining relations by “immediate reference;” we can only say which of these concepts are used, but 40 3 From Reality to Mathematics how we get such concepts is a psychological process which we cannot avoid by introducing philosophical a priori concepts.
A New Foundation of Physical Theories by Günther Ludwig