By James Reilly
Celebrated for its old water wheels, town of Hama is found on Syria’s longest river, the Orontes. Ottoman Hama used to be a stopover at the significant north-south highway of Syria in addition to the heart of an area monetary region of its personal. Intertwined social networks associated townspeople to the peasants and pastoral nomads of Hama’s hinterland. by way of the early 20th century a number of elite and outstanding households had come to dominate the political and financial lifetime of Hama and its outlying villages, surroundings the level for the city’s dramatic access into Syrian nationwide existence in the course of the French Mandate and post-colonial classes. established mostly on neighborhood judicial records, this booklet is a social background of Hama over the last centuries of Ottoman rule. It examines the social and financial constructions that outlined people’s lives and that conditioned their participation within the old adjustments of the eighteenth and 19th centuries. Dramatis personae contain women and men, commoners and notables, retailers and artisans, and others who, taken jointly, signify a cross-section of a center japanese society as they entered the area of world markets, eu empires, and glossy states.
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Extra info for A Small Town in Syria: Ottoman Hama in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries
457–458 [pt. 1], awasit Dhu al-Hijja 1208/ 14 July 1794. LCR Hama 46:206–207, doc. 454, 456, awasit Dhu al-Hijja 1208/ 14 July 1794. Average price of all residences whose sales were recorded in LCR Hama vol. 46. 39 tunities for officials’ personal aggrandizement were combined with legal security of property in the following century, it is little wonder that other military families in addition to the ‘Azms were catapulted into the ranks of Hama’s elites. The only notables in the top rungs of Hama’s landowning families on the eve of the First World War were the Kaylanis.
1851; 53:158–159, ghayat Dhu al-Hijja 1267/ 26 Oct. 1851; 53:197, 1 Rabi‘ I 1268/ 25 Dec. 1851; 53:267, 9 Shawwal 1268/ 27 July 1852. 31 numbered among the select group of Hama’s large landed proprietors in the final Ottoman decades. The ‘Alwanis, despite their relative decline in the nineteenth century, nevertheless continued to be counted among Hama’s notables. 26 Notable families of ‘ulama’ and ashraf were associated with the fields of religion and law. Their notability was recognized by the Ottoman state, but their sources of prestige (ashraf lineage, leadership of Sufi orders) were not entirely state derived.
1793. g. LCR Hama 42:312, doc. 631, awa’il Jumada I 1141/ 3 Dec. 1728; 46:147, doc. 304, 3 Safar 1208/ 10 Sept. 1793; 53:54, 27 Ramadan 1266/ 6 Aug. 1850. ’99 In such circumstances, the aristocratic model of the family was irrelevant to a majority of the Syrian urban population, except as a daydream. Inheritance records show that early mortality in Ottoman Hama was commonplace. This represented another factor that limited the applicability of the patrilineal-aristocratic model. Children often predeceased their parents, and households were thrown into flux by the death of one or another spouse at an early age, an event which left widows or widowers responsible for bringing up of young children.
A Small Town in Syria: Ottoman Hama in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries by James Reilly