By Pierre Clastres
PDF from test. quality. Double pages.
Esta coletânea de onze artigos publicados entre 1962 e 1974 por Pierre Clastres (1934-1977) constitui um dos mais importantes trabalhos de antropologia política já divulgados. A obra reflete uma reviravolta nas ciências humanas, propiciada nos anos 1960 por autores franceses como Claude Lévi-Strauss, Michel Foucault e Gilles Deleuze. Clastres critica a razão política ocidental, aferrada em noções de dominação e subordinação, e afirma que a sociedade civil pode prescindir da figura do Estado. Para demonstrar essa tese audaz, o autor analisa a experiência de povos indígenas da América do Sul.
Read Online or Download A Sociedade contra o Estado: investigações de antropologia política PDF
Best anthropology books
The definitive account of the lifestyles, paintings, and legacy of Claude Lévi-Strauss, father of recent anthropology and one of many postwar era's so much influential thinkers.
while Claude Lévi-Strauss kicked the bucket final October at age a hundred, France celebrated the existence and contributions of not just a preeminent anthropologist, but additionally one of many defining intellectuals of the 20 th century. simply as Freud had shaken up the antiquarian self-discipline of psychiatry, so had Lévi-Strauss revolutionized anthropology, reworking it from the colonial period research of "exotic" tribes to at least one fed on with primary questions on the character of humanity and civilization itself.
Remarkably, there hasn't ever been a biography in English of the enigmatic Claude Lévi-Strauss. Drawing on a welter of unique examine and interviews with the anthropologist, Patrick Wilcken's Claude Lévi-Strauss fills this void. In wealthy aspect, Wilcken re-creates Lévi-Strauss's peripatetic existence: his groundbreaking fieldwork in the various remotest reaches of the Amazon within the Thirties; his years as a Jew in Nazi- occupied France and as an émigré in wartime big apple; and his go back to Paris within the past due Nineteen Forties, the place he clashed with Jean-Paul Sartre and essentially stimulated fellow postwar thinkers from Jacques Lacan to Michel Foucault and Roland Barthes. It was once in France that structuralism, the varsity of notion he based, first took carry, developing waves a long way past the sphere of anthropology. In his heyday, Lévi-Strauss was once either a hero to modern intellectuals and a global celebrity.
In Claude Lévi-Strauss, Wilcken supplies the reader a desirable highbrow journey of the anthropologist's landmark works: Tristes Tropiques, a literary meditation on his travels and fieldwork; The Savage brain, which confirmed that "primitive" everyone is pushed via an identical highbrow curiosities as their Western opposite numbers; and eventually his enormous four-volume Mythologiques, a research of the common buildings of local mythology within the Americas. within the years that Lévi-Strauss released those pioneering works, Wilcken observes, tribal societies looked as if it would carry the solutions to the main profound questions on the human brain. Following the nice anthropologist from São Paulo to the Brazilian inside, and from ny to Paris, Patrick Wilcken's Claude Lévi- Strauss is either an evocative trip and an highbrow biography of 1 of the twentieth-century's so much influential minds.
A daring and provocative learn that offers language now not as an innate part of the brain—as such a lot linguists do—but as an important software specific to every tradition worldwide.
For years, the present opinion between lecturers has been that language is embedded in our genes, current as an innate and instinctual a part of us. yet linguist Daniel Everett argues that, like different instruments, language was once invented by way of people and will be reinvented or misplaced. He indicates how the evolution of other language forms—that is, diversified grammar—reflects how language is encouraged via human societies and stories, and the way it expresses their nice kind.
For instance, the Amazonian Pirahã positioned phrases jointly in ways in which violate our long-held under-standing of ways language works, and Pirahã grammar expresses complicated principles very another way than English grammar does. Drawing at the Wari’ language of Brazil, Everett explains that audio system of all languages, in developing their tales, disregard issues that each one individuals of the tradition comprehend. furthermore, Everett discusses how a few cultures can get through with out phrases for numbers or counting, with no verbs for “to say” or “to give,” illustrating how the very nature of what’s vital in a language is culturally determined.
Combining anthropology, primatology, machine technology, philosophy, linguistics, psychology, and his personal pioneering—and adventurous—research with the Amazonian Pirahã, and utilizing insights from many various languages and cultures, Everett provides us an unparalleled elucidation of this society-defined nature of language. In doing so, he additionally provides us a brand new figuring out of ways we predict and who we are.
In fresh a long time, advances in interpreting Maya hieroglyphic writing have given students new instruments for knowing key facets of historical Maya society. This book—the first finished exam of the Maya royal court—exemplifies the significance of those new resources. Authored through anthropologist Sarah E.
- The Body and Social Theory (Published in association with Theory, Culture & Society)
- Biological Anthropology (7th Edition)
- Anthropology in Theory: Issues in Epistemology
- The Anthropology of Child and Youth Care Work
Extra info for A Sociedade contra o Estado: investigações de antropologia política
S seesforljaram POI' completar as suas descrigi'ies com dados numericos referentes as dimensOcS das casas, a superficie das plantag5es, as diatancias que separam as aldei:as e, sobretudo, ao numero de habitantes das regi5es que viaitavam. Evidentemente, as preocupag5es que os animavam eram diversas: rigor etnograiico de urn Ury, objectividade militar de um Staden, preocupagao administrativa dos missionarioo que tinham necessidade de recensear 'as populag5es caidas 'sob 0 seu controle. Mas, neste ponto como nos outros, as informag5es quantitativas, quer tenham side recolhidas entre os Guarani ou entre os Tupi, no Maranhao ou no sui do Brasil, nao apresentam discordancia alguma: de uma ponta a outra do imenso territorio ocupado pelos Tupi-Guarani, os numeros indicados sao muit0' proximos.
500? Misterio e incoerencia da demografia ·amerindia «classica». Nao nos esquecemos de modo algum que 0' nosSQ proprio numero se mantem hipotetico (embora consideremos urn exito a possibilidade de ter estabelecido uma ordem de 'grandeza que nada mais tern a ver com os calculos anteriores). Ora, nos dispomos de urn meio de controlar a validade destes calculos. ;ao las superficies e as densidades. Com efeito e-nos possivel proceder diferentemente: a partir da taxa de despovoamento. Temos sorte em dispor de duas estimativas efectuadas pelos jesuitas.
Amos. 000 em 1650).
A Sociedade contra o Estado: investigações de antropologia política by Pierre Clastres