By Tolemariam Fufa
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Additional resources for A Typology of Verbal Derivation in Ethiopian Afro-Asiatic Languages
44 The Causative in Shakkinoono and Kafinoonoo The rest of this chapter has five sections. 2. treats the causative morphemes. 3. 4. differentiate the causative morphemes from the thematic vowels and draws conclusions. 5. 6. discusses the semantics of the causatives. 2. The Causative Morphemes This section deals with the causative morpheme –i- and alternating -issi-/-iččimorphemes. 1. The Causative morpheme –iThe morpheme –i- is used as a causative marking under two basic conditions: one, when it replaces the theme vowel a; and two, when it is suffixed to the theme vowel i.
Amharic productive causative morphemes are a- and as-. 2. 1. The Syntax of Transitive Causatives In Amharic, causatives of transitive events are common. In such cases the causee is expressed either as a direct object if it is a causative of active event or as an optional oblique noun phrase if it is a causative of passive event. Both the causee and the patient can receive accusative case. Accusative is only possible on definite constituents. There is object agreement on the verb. A verb can have only one object agreement marker.
1. Causative Morphemes This section discusses forms of morphological causatives. Five causative morphemes are observed in Amharic: a- (CAUS1), an-(CAUS2), as-(CAUS3), aš(CAUS4) and astä- (CAUS5). Each of these causative morphemes is investigated in the following subsections. 1. The Morpheme a- (CAUS1) The morpheme a- is one of Amharic causative markers that is prefixed to the stem of a verb. All linguists who worked on Amharic causatives recognize a- as a causative morpheme or as a transitivizer morpheme (see Baye 1986 ; Leslau, 1995; Girmay 1992; Bezza 1997; Yabe 2003).
A Typology of Verbal Derivation in Ethiopian Afro-Asiatic Languages by Tolemariam Fufa