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By Melissa Frazier

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Additional info for Accent in Proto-Indo-European Athematic Nouns Antifaithfulness in Inflectional Paradigms

Example text

25) (26) ‘bird’ nom sg, proterokinetic /h2ew-éy-s/ MAX a ) (h2éwis) b (h2éws) *Mfoot/[i, u] * *! Rankings motivated in this section: *Mfoot/[a] *Mfoot/[e, o] ID[high] MAX *Mfoot/[i, u] The deletion of non-high vowels is thus accounted for with the ranking in (26). The lexical idiosyncrasies have not been explained, however, such as the lack of ablaut in certain endings. 8), and so it is due to the historical development of the amphikinetic accent class. These 17 Because acrostatic nouns can have accented or unaccented suffixes, there is no way to determine the lexical specification with regard to accent of a suffix that only forms acrostatic nouns.

While this is not the case for PIE because roots actually do take priority over derivational affixes, Revithiadou’s work does motivate a distinction among root and derivational affix 50 faithfulness. There is thus a three way distinction among faithfulness constraints as applicable to PIE, such that there are general faithful constraints as well as positional faithfulness constraints indexed for roots and derivational affixes. Given these types of faithfulness constraints, the tableaux in (31) and (36) should be reevaluated.

For this reason, I will classify root nouns with alternating stress as amphikinetic, which was also proposed by Tichy (2000: 74). Thus, root nouns with fixed stress will be discussed simultaneously with acrostatic nouns, and root nouns with alternating stress will be discussed simultaneously with amphikinetic nouns. 4 Acrostatic Nouns The acrostatic accent class is distinguished by fixed stress on the root. This is the only accent class in which stress is always on the same morpheme, regardless of case.

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Accent in Proto-Indo-European Athematic Nouns Antifaithfulness in Inflectional Paradigms by Melissa Frazier

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