By Stephanie Schwandner-Sievers, Bernd J. Fischer
''... a pioneering attempt in English-language experiences on Albania.'' -- Nicholas C. Pano
Albanian heritage is permeated by way of myths and legendary narratives that frequently serve political reasons, from the depiction of the mythical ''founder of the nation,'' Skanderbeg, to the exploits of the KLA within the contemporary Kosovo warfare. The essays in Albanian Identities, via a multinational, multidisciplinary group of students and non-academic experts, deconstruct universal political or historiographical myths approximately Albania's previous and current, bringing to gentle the ways that Albanian myths have served to justify and direct violence, buttress political strength, and foster inner solidarity. Albanian Identities demonstrates the facility of myths to at the present time, as they underpin political and social tactics in crisis-ridden, post-totalitarian Albania.
Read or Download Albanian Identities: Myth and History PDF
Similar anthropology books
A really vintage.
The definitive account of the existence, paintings, and legacy of Claude Lévi-Strauss, father of contemporary anthropology and one of many postwar era's so much influential thinkers.
whilst Claude Lévi-Strauss gave up the ghost final October at age a hundred, France celebrated the lifestyles and contributions of not just a preeminent anthropologist, but in addition one of many defining intellectuals of the 20 th century. simply as Freud had shaken up the antiquarian self-discipline of psychiatry, so had Lévi-Strauss revolutionized anthropology, reworking it from the colonial period learn of "exotic" tribes to 1 ate up with primary questions about the character of humanity and civilization itself.
Remarkably, there hasn't ever been a biography in English of the enigmatic Claude Lévi-Strauss. Drawing on a welter of unique examine and interviews with the anthropologist, Patrick Wilcken's Claude Lévi-Strauss fills this void. In wealthy aspect, Wilcken re-creates Lévi-Strauss's peripatetic existence: his groundbreaking fieldwork in a number of the remotest reaches of the Amazon within the Nineteen Thirties; his years as a Jew in Nazi- occupied France and as an émigré in wartime big apple; and his go back to Paris within the overdue Nineteen Forties, the place he clashed with Jean-Paul Sartre and essentially stimulated fellow postwar thinkers from Jacques Lacan to Michel Foucault and Roland Barthes. It used to be in France that structuralism, the college of idea he based, first took carry, growing waves a ways past the sector of anthropology. In his heyday, Lévi-Strauss was once either a hero to modern intellectuals and a world celebrity.
In Claude Lévi-Strauss, Wilcken offers the reader a desirable highbrow travel of the anthropologist's landmark works: Tristes Tropiques, a literary meditation on his travels and fieldwork; The Savage brain, which confirmed that "primitive" individuals are pushed via an analogous highbrow curiosities as their Western opposite numbers; and at last his huge four-volume Mythologiques, a research of the common buildings of local mythology within the Americas. within the years that Lévi-Strauss released those pioneering works, Wilcken observes, tribal societies appeared to carry the solutions to the main profound questions about the human brain. Following the nice anthropologist from São Paulo to the Brazilian inside, and from ny to Paris, Patrick Wilcken's Claude Lévi- Strauss is either an evocative trip and an highbrow biography of 1 of the twentieth-century's such a lot influential minds.
A daring and provocative learn that offers language now not as an innate section of the brain—as such a lot linguists do—but as an important device precise to every tradition worldwide.
For years, the existing opinion between teachers has been that language is embedded in our genes, current as an innate and instinctual a part of us. yet linguist Daniel Everett argues that, like different instruments, language was once invented via people and will be reinvented or misplaced. He indicates how the evolution of other language forms—that is, diverse grammar—reflects how language is prompted through human societies and reports, and the way it expresses their nice sort.
For instance, the Amazonian Pirahã placed phrases jointly in ways in which violate our long-held under-standing of ways language works, and Pirahã grammar expresses advanced rules very another way than English grammar does. Drawing at the Wari’ language of Brazil, Everett explains that audio system of all languages, in developing their tales, put out of your mind issues that each one participants of the tradition comprehend. furthermore, Everett discusses how a few cultures can get by way of with out phrases for numbers or counting, with out verbs for “to say” or “to give,” illustrating how the very nature of what’s vital in a language is culturally determined.
Combining anthropology, primatology, desktop technology, philosophy, linguistics, psychology, and his personal pioneering—and adventurous—research with the Amazonian Pirahã, and utilizing insights from many alternative languages and cultures, Everett offers us an extraordinary elucidation of this society-defined nature of language. In doing so, he additionally supplies us a brand new knowing of ways we expect and who we are.
In fresh a long time, advances in decoding Maya hieroglyphic writing have given students new instruments for figuring out key elements of historical Maya society. This book—the first entire exam of the Maya royal court—exemplifies the significance of those new resources. Authored through anthropologist Sarah E.
- The Vulnerable Observer: Anthropology That Breaks Your Heart
- Religion, myth, and magic : the anthropology of religion
- The Last Days of the Incas
- Doing Critical Ethnography
Extra info for Albanian Identities: Myth and History
7 Bourdieu ends up rehearsing all the usual economizing arguments. When people act in ways that seem economically irrational, this is only because the values they are maximizing are not material. “Practice never ceases to con- Current Directions in Exchange Theory 29 form to economic calculation even when it gives every appearance of disinterestedness by departing from the logic of interested calculation (in the narrow sense) and playing for stakes that are non-material and not easily quantified” (1977:177) Therefore we must extend economic calculation to all the goods, material and symbolic, without distinction, that present themselves as rare and worthy of being sought after in a particular social formation—which may be ‘fair words’ or smiles, handshakes or shrugs, complements or attention, challenges or insults, honour or honours, powers or pleasures, gossip or scientific information, distinction or distinctions, etc.
For all, however, the ultimate point was the same: to delineate some kind of logically coherent system, which meant moving away from individual action—and, in doing so, left the empty space into which economistic theories were always trying to crawl. By the early ‘80s, there was a general consensus that this was the great problem of the day: how to come up with a “dynamic” theory of structuralism, one that could account for the vagaries of human action, creativity, and change. The way it was usually phrased was as a matter of moving from langue to parole, from language (“the code” of meaning, however conceived) to speech.
Either way, it means that the first step in analysis is to identify some totality. The Dumontians call their project one of “comparing wholes,” by which they mean not so much symbolic systems as societies taken as totalities structured around certain key values. ”) Note how even in Dumont’s original analysis of India, the use of the term value covers quite a range. 17 The claim is that both are ultimately “ideas-values” that can be analyzed in Saussurean terms, as part of an overall system of meaning.
Albanian Identities: Myth and History by Stephanie Schwandner-Sievers, Bernd J. Fischer