By Godehard Link
The philosophical technique of this quantity is principally structuralist, utilizing logical instruments to enquire the formal constitution of assorted sorts of gadgets in our international, as characterized by way of language and as systematised through philosophy. This quantity in general analyses the structural homes of collections or pluralities (with functions to the philosophy of set theory), homogeneous gadgets like water, and the semantics and philosophy of occasions. This publication thereby enhances algebraic paintings that has been performed on different philosophical entities, i.e. propositions, homes, kin, or events. positioned within the triangle of language, good judgment and philosophy, this quantity is exclusive in combining the assets of alternative ?elds in an interdisciplinary company. 1/2 the fourteen chapters of this quantity are unique papers, complementing the gathering of the author's formerly released essays at the topic.
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Extra info for Algebraic Semantics in Language and Philosophy
V3 / *3V) a. A dog was everywhere. (3V > V3) b. Dogs were everywhere. (V3 / *3V) Carlson actually claims that the V3 reading is impossible for (13a) so that the pragmatically somewhat deviant 3V reading is forced. This would mean that (13a) and (13b) would not have a reading in common at all which is taken by Carlson as evidence that BPs cannot be counterparts of singular indefinite NPs headed by a. But if we vary (13a) a little bit both readings appear possible, as in (14), (14) A strange voice was to be heard everywhere.
All soldiers died. b. All the soldiers died. With distributive predicates like die sentences (21a) and (33a) seem to mean the same. As was observed above, however, the universal sentence and its definite PNP counterpart are not synonymous anymore when they involve a collective predicate like in (34). TYPES OF PLURAL CONSTRUCTIONS (34) 45 The soldiers withstood the enemy's attack. This sentence does not imply that every soldier withstood the attack (there might have been casualties). Thus one difference is the degree to which the sentence admits a collective interpretation.
B. All the soldiers died. With distributive predicates like die sentences (21a) and (33a) seem to mean the same. As was observed above, however, the universal sentence and its definite PNP counterpart are not synonymous anymore when they involve a collective predicate like in (34). TYPES OF PLURAL CONSTRUCTIONS (34) 45 The soldiers withstood the enemy's attack. This sentence does not imply that every soldier withstood the attack (there might have been casualties). Thus one difference is the degree to which the sentence admits a collective interpretation.
Algebraic Semantics in Language and Philosophy by Godehard Link