By Andrew Carstairs-McCarthy
What precisely are phrases? Are they the issues that get indexed in dictionaries, or are they the fundamental devices of sentence constitution? Andrew Carstairs-McCarthy explores the results of those diverse ways to phrases in English. He explains some of the ways that phrases are regarding each other, and indicates how the background of the English language has affected note constitution. issues contain: phrases, sentences and dictionaries; a notice and its components (roots and affixes); a notice and its types (inflection); a be aware and its kinfolk (derivation); compound phrases; notice constitution; productiveness; and the old resources of English observe formation.
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Additional info for An Introduction to English Morphology (Edinburgh Textbooks on the English Language)
It is necessary ﬁrst, however, to introduce some terms that are more precise than the ordinary term ‘word’, which I have relied on heavily up to now. I have called performs and performed ‘grammatically conditioned variants’ or ‘inﬂected forms’ of ‘the verb perform’. But if one compares (1) with (9), alongside the unacceptable examples (4) and (5), one can see that perform itself deserves to be called a grammatically conditioned variant too: (9) These pianists perform in the local hall every week.
It is important therefore that terms for word classes such as ‘adjective’, ‘noun’ and ‘verb’ should be properly understood. ) Readers who are conﬁdent that they can recognise a noun or a verb when they see one may feel entitled to skip to the next section. On the other hand, I suspect that many such conﬁdent readers think that the word class to which a lexeme belongs is mainly determined by its meaning. That belief is incorrect. If you feel tempted by it, please do not skip this section! In school, you may once have been told that verbs are ‘doing words’, while nouns are ‘thing words’ and adjectives ‘describing words’.
Third person singular present tense: b. past tense: c. progressive participle: d. perfect or passive participle: e. basic form (used everywhere else): performs performed performing performed perform When two grammatical words that are distinct for some lexemes are systematically identical for others, as here, these forms are said to be syncretised, or to exhibit syncretism. The same syncretism also occurs with some irregular verbs, such as and (past = perfect participle dug, stung) and all those that use the sufﬁx -t, such as , , and (bent, felt, taught).
An Introduction to English Morphology (Edinburgh Textbooks on the English Language) by Andrew Carstairs-McCarthy