By Noel Burton-Roberts
This hugely winning textual content has lengthy been thought of the normal advent to the sensible research of English sentence constitution. It covers key strategies comparable to constituency, class and services, and in addition utilises tree diagrams all through to assist the reader visualise the constitution of sentences.
In this fourth variation, Analysing Sentences has been completely revised and now contains a fresh significant other web site with extra actions and routines for college kids and a solution booklet for the in-text workouts for professors. the additional actions at the web site provide scholars perform in deciding on syntactic phenomena in working textual content and may aid to deepen knowing of this subject.
Accessible and transparent, this booklet is the precise textbook for readers coming to this subject for the 1st time. that includes many in-text, end-of-chapter and extra workouts, it really is appropriate for self-directed learn in addition to to be used as center examining on classes.
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Extra resources for Analysing sentences: an introduction to English syntax
In (b) above, the sequence the + bollard was shown to be part of the phrase the bollard she had just demolished; it cannot then form a constituent with at. ) (d) Yes. It could be replaced by there or somewhere. Furthermore, in the machine is a good answer to the question Where could the gremlin be heard juggling with ball-bearings? Finally, the sequence could be omitted leaving a wellformed sentence. (e) No. There is no question that In the machine the gremlin could possibly be an answer to. Who/What could be heard .
We’ve seen that, in the context of rather, we need to relate rather and dubious to each other before relating the whole phrase rather dubious to jokes. So dubious and jokes don’t form a constituent in the context of rather. In the absence of rather (or any other modifier of dubious), on the other hand, dubious and jokes may well form a constituent, as they do in the phrase two dubious jokes. PHRASE-a  two PHRASE-b dubious jokes ■ The head~complement relation We have now looked at the two-way function/mutual dependency of subject and predicate and several examples of the one-way function/dependency of modifier and head.
19 CHAPTER 1 SENTENCE STRUCTURE: CONSTITUENTS (a) Being of a cautious disposition, Tim very wisely avoided the heavily built man whenever he drank at the Wrestler’s Arms. (b) Tim avoided the man. 6. I’ve not yet provided a complete analysis of sentence  in the chapter. We’ve agreed that old Sam, beside a stream, and a stream are among its constituents. So we can at least draw an incomplete phrase marker for it, as in (a): (a) Sentence Phrase Phrase old Sam Phrase sunbathed beside a stream We know that the complete string constitutes a sentence.
Analysing sentences: an introduction to English syntax by Noel Burton-Roberts