By Claudio Cavatrunci
Pre-Columbian artwork is the visible arts of indigenous peoples of the Caribbean, North, imperative, and South Americas until eventually the overdue fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries, and the period of time marked via Christopher Columbus' arrival within the Americas.
Pre-Columbian artwork thrived during the Americas from no less than, 13,000 BCE to 1500 CE. Many Pre-Columbian cultures didn't have writing structures, so visible artwork expressed cosmologies, international perspectives, faith, and philosophy of those cultures, in addition to serving as mnenomic devices.
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Extra info for Arte Precolombiana (Art dossier Giunti)
The advocates of the first school say it results in better compression and, therefore, more strength during manipulation. If you choose this method, you must be extra careful to avoid thinking of the bowl as made up of a bottom and sides, breaking the flow of the curve. After each thinning pass of the hands, it is important to compress and shape the rim. As the rim gets wider in circumference and thinner, it gets harder and harder to change. Establish the rim shape early when there is plenty of clay, even if the rim has no discrete shape but is just a smooth continuation of the walls.
This means that the initial level of the bottom will be farther from the wheel-head than is ultimately desired and will be lowered about a quarter of an inch each time you start at the bottom and work through the walls. The inside of a bowl is akin to the outside of a cylinder: it is the significant part of the form both aesthetically and functionally. It therefore follows that the left or inside hand is dominant, whereas in cylinder throwing the right or outside hand is dominant. The right hand contributes to thinning the wall through the curve, but the left hand establishes the curve of the bowl.
Variations in thickness within the walls of a pot also contribute sculptural complexity. The walls of each pot are made up of a stack of shapes that have interest in themselves. For example, a cylinder might begin at the base with a beaded shape articulated from the wall by two grooves, move up into space with tapering walls, and be capped with a wedge shape articulated from the wall by a triple groove (figure 46). There are many possible configurations (figures 47, 48). 44 Opened ball of clay with good bottom and inside corner cylinders as pots 25 45 Cylinder walls in cross-section 46 47 48 26 cylinders as pots 49 Structural variations in wall thickness And so each pot has two shapes: a shape delineating the volume and a shape within the wall itself.
Arte Precolombiana (Art dossier Giunti) by Claudio Cavatrunci