Atatürk: An Intellectual Biography by M. Şükrü Hanioğlu PDF

February 14, 2018 | Turkey | By admin | 0 Comments

By M. Şükrü Hanioğlu

ISBN-10: 0691151091

ISBN-13: 9780691151090

When Mustafa Kemal Atatürk grew to become the 1st president of Turkey in 1923, he set approximately remodeling his state right into a secular republic the place nationalism sanctified by way of science--and by way of the character cult Atatürk created round himself--would reign superb because the new faith. This publication offers the 1st in-depth examine the highbrow lifetime of the Turkish Republic's founder. In doing so, it frames him in the historic context of the turbulent age within which he lived, and explores the uneasy transition from the overdue Ottoman imperial order to the fashionable Turkish nation via his lifestyles and ideas.

laying off gentle on some of the most advanced and enigmatic statesmen of the trendy period, M. Sükrü Hanioglu takes readers from Atatürk's early life as a Muslim boy within the risky ethnic cauldron of Macedonia, to his schooling in nonreligious and armed forces faculties, to his include of Turkish nationalism and the modernizing younger Turks circulation. Who was once this determine who sought glory as an bold younger officer in global warfare I, defied the successful Allies cause on partitioning the Turkish heartland, and defeated the final sultan? Hanioglu charts Atatürk's highbrow and ideological improvement at each level of his lifestyles, demonstrating how he used to be profoundly motivated by way of the hot rules that have been circulating within the sprawling Ottoman realm. He indicates how Atatürk drew on a distinct mixture of scientism, materialism, social Darwinism, positivism, and different theories to model a grand utopian framework on which to construct his new nation.

Show description

Read or Download Atatürk: An Intellectual Biography PDF

Similar turkey books

Read e-book online Turkey. Cappadocia PDF

Appealing Cappadocia deals viewers a panorama of normal wonders Ihat turns out prung for a dream. thousands of years in the past, the volcanoesof Erciyes, Hasandag and Melendiz mountains erupted and coated Cappadoda with a layer of tuff.

Download e-book for kindle: Honored by the Glory of Islam: Conversion and Conquest in by Marc David Baer

"Honored through the dignity of Islam is a crucial new resource at the learn of conversion. a lot of this such a lot informative e-book offers with the twin position of conversion and conquest in defining the debatable reign of Sultan Mehmed IV. Baer's leading edge interpreting of Ottoman chronicles and his concentrate on the nuances of conversion inside of one own's faith makes this article a useful presentation of an exhilarating new quarter of study.

Read e-book online Natural Disasters in the Ottoman Empire: Plague, Famine, and PDF

This ebook explores the heritage of traditional mess ups within the Ottoman Empire and the responses to them at the kingdom, communal, and person degrees. Yaron Ayalon argues that non secular limitations among Muslims and non-Muslims have been some distance less important in Ottoman society than in most cases believed. additionally, the emphasis on Islamic ideas and the presence of Islamic symbols within the public area have been measures the nation took to reinforce its popularity and political capital - occasional discrimination of non-Muslims was once just a derivative of those measures.

Additional resources for Atatürk: An Intellectual Biography

Sample text

26 fin-de-si�cle salonica 21 poverty in the countryside was a painful one. Like the other members of the family, Mustafa attempted to adjust to rural life, but without success. 28 The disruption of his education distressed his mother immensely. Mustafa briefly attended a Greek school at a nearby church. Subsequently, an Albanian steward at the farm taught him some basic subjects. But it was not enough. 29 Mustafa returned to Salonica to live with his paternal aunt Hatice. Shortly afterward, an unpleasant incident cut short his studies at the town’s civilian preparatory school: one of Mustafa’s teachers beat him severely in a fit of rage for his participation in a brawl among students.

Mustafa Kemal embraced some bold ideas in this regard. 14 Only a state undergirded by a robust national identity, he reasoned, would be capable of fielding a strong army. What he imagined was a “Turkish nation in arms”—not an Ottoman one. Although the idea was Ali Fuat Cebesoy, Sınıf Arkadaşım Atatürk: Okul ve Genç Subaylık Hâtıraları (Istanbul: İnkılâp ve Aka, 1967), 108, 114–17. 14 38 chapter 2 not novel, it was held to be impractical by many of his colleagues who, however sympathetic, insisted on saving what they could of the decaying empire.

21 The unsuccessful counterrevolution of April 1909, in turn, was led by unschooled officers who sought to sideline their educated comrades. The failure of this attempt to restore the old order ended the role of the Hamidian cronies in the Ottoman military. The educated Ottoman officer corps that emerged in the years after the 1883 reforms, and especially the staff officers, formed the backbone of the CUP’s military wing and provided the leadership “Tasfiye-i Rüteb-i Askeriye Kanunu,” in Düstûr, II/1 (Istanbul: Matbaa-i Osmaniye, 1329 [1911]), 421–23.

Download PDF sample

Atatürk: An Intellectual Biography by M. Şükrü Hanioğlu


by John
4.5

Rated 4.05 of 5 – based on 9 votes