By Claudio Tomasi, Sandro Fuzzi, Alexander Kokhanovsky
The publication describes the morphological, actual and chemical houses of aerosols from a variety of ordinary and anthropogenic assets to aid the reader larger comprehend the direct function of aerosol debris in scattering and soaking up brief- and long-wave radiation.
Read Online or Download Atmospheric Aerosols: Life Cycles and Effects on Air Quality and Climate PDF
Similar geography books
The South Seas, as this sector was once referred to as, conjured up photos of event, belles and savages, romance and remarkable fortunes, however the lengthy voyages of discovery and exploration of the huge Pacific Ocean have been quite an workout in notable logistics, navigation, challenging grit, shipwreck and natural good fortune.
The publication describes the morphological, actual and chemical homes of aerosols from a number of average and anthropogenic resources to assist the reader greater comprehend the direct position of aerosol debris in scattering and soaking up brief- and long-wave radiation.
- Colored Property: State Policy and White Racial Politics in Suburban America (Historical Studies of Urban America)
- Space, Knowledge and Power: Foucault and Geography
- The Rough Guide to New Zealand 6 (Rough Guide Travel Guides)
- La Terre chauffe-t-elle ? : le climat de la Terre en question
- Top 10 Barcelona
Additional resources for Atmospheric Aerosols: Life Cycles and Effects on Air Quality and Climate
Emissions from burning vegetation include elemental carbon (EC) and organic carbon (OC) as well as other particulate substances, together with gases such as CO2 , CO, NOx , CH4 , and nonmethane hydrocarbons (NMHCs). The term EC refers to the most refractory part of the carbonaceous aerosol particles, which oxidize above a certain threshold in combustion experiments. However, it is often called free carbon” or “graphitic” and most frequently “black carbon” (BC), being a combustion product capable of strongly absorbing the incoming solar radiation over the whole visible wavelength range.
Numerous SEM and TEM images of mineral dust particles are available in the literature, such as (i) those sampled by Sinha et al. 7 Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images of mineral (aeolian) dust particles consisting of (a) quartz, (b) dolomite, (c) kaolinite, (d) palygorskite of Saharan origin, (e) smectite, (f ) illite, and (g), and 4 μm (h) gypsum (calcium sulfate dihydrate) in both cases. (Reproduced with the permission from Emanuela Molinaroli, Ca’ Foscari University, Dept. 3 Primary Aerosols of Natural Origin Mainz, Germany), consisting of silicates, primary and secondary gypsum, calcium carbonate, and iron oxide; (ii) those sampled by Li, Anderson, and Buseck (2003a) at Sagres (southern Portugal), during the June–July 1997 ACE-2 campaign conducted over the North Atlantic Ocean, regarding an aluminosilicate sphere mixed with Na2 SO4 crystals, an aggregate of euhedral magnetite crystals, a quartz crystal, a smectite particle, and a kaolinite particle coated with ammonium sulfate; (iii) some silicate mixed particles with small NaCl and Na2 SO4 aggregated crystals, sampled by Li, Anderson, and Buseck (2003a) at Punta del Hidalgo (Canary Islands, Spain) during the ACE-2; and (iv) and those sampled by Li et al.
5% of the overall tropospheric water mass. 7% due to other ions. Pósfai et al. (1995) collected a large variety of seasalt aerosols during the Atlantic Stratocumulus Transition Experiment/Marine Aerosol and Gas Exchange (ASTEX/MAGE) ﬁeld campaign undertaken in June 1992 over North Atlantic and studied their morphological characteristics using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) techniques. They found that oceanic aerosols may have diﬀerent composition features in clean, intermediate, and dirty samples.
Atmospheric Aerosols: Life Cycles and Effects on Air Quality and Climate by Claudio Tomasi, Sandro Fuzzi, Alexander Kokhanovsky