By John Freely
This background of technological know-how in the dead of night a long time files the achievements of lesser-known eu students, together with the monk Saint Bede, who successfully lead the way for the discoveries of such luminaries as Galileo and Newton. Histories of recent technology usually start with the heroic conflict among Galileo and the Catholic Church, which ignited the medical Revolution and ended in the world-changing discoveries of Isaac Newton. nearly not anything is related in regards to the eu students who got here ahead of. in truth, greater than a millennium sooner than the Renaissance, a succession of students prepared the ground for the discoveries for which Galileo, Newton, and others are frequently credited. during this e-book the writer examines the pioneering examine of the 1st ecu scientists, a lot of them priests whose effect ranged a long way past the partitions of the monasteries the place they studied and wrote. one of many earliest of them, Saint Bede, writing one thousand years sooner than Galileo, was once so well known that centuries after his dying a Swiss monk wrote that "in the 6th day of the realm [God] has made Bede upward push from the West as a brand new solar to light up the total Earth." one other, an early Oxford pupil named Robert Grossteste, built the foundational ideas of the clinical strategy that might convey Galileo Galilei around the globe status a number of centuries later. This e-book fills a spot within the background of technological know-how, and locations the nice discoveries of the age of their rightful context. Read more...
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Additional info for Before Galileo : the birth of modern science in medieval Europe
These two opposing schools of thought about the nature of the cosmos—the Epicurean atoms in a void versus the continuum of the Stoics—have competed with one another from antiquity to the present, for they seem to represent antithetical ways of looking at physical reality. Early in the Hellenistic period, which began with the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC, the center of the Greek intellectual world shifted from Athens to Alexandria, the new city that had been founded by Alexander on the Canopic branch of the Nile.
He never supplied the proof of what came to be called Fermat’s last theorem, which was finally solved in 1994 by Andrew Wiles, a British mathematician working at Princeton University, the last link in a long chain of mathematical development that began in ancient Alexandria. The work of Diophantus is still a part of modern mathematics, studied under the heading of Diophantine analysis. An example is the problem of finding two numbers such that their sum is 20 and the sum of their squares 208, the answer being 8 and 12.
Macrobius, who may have been from North Africa, flourished in the early fifth century. His most important extant work is his Commentarii, a commentary on Cicero’s Dream of Scipio. Here he used passages of Cicero’s work, along with a lost commentary on Plato’s Timaeus, to construct a treatise on Neoplatonic philosophy. William H. ” Martianus Capella (c. 365–440) was born in Carthage and appears to have been a secondary school teacher or rhetorician. He is the author of an allegorical work entitled The Nuptials of Mercury and Philology, in which a series of seven bridesmaids present a digest of each of the seven arts.
Before Galileo : the birth of modern science in medieval Europe by John Freely