By Mustafa Bilgin
'Britain and Turkey within the center East' is the 1st e-book to appreciate the advance of the chilly conflict within the center East by way of exploring the Turkish case and is important to greedy the character of Western technique more often than not and British and Turkish technique specifically in this interval. within the first paintings documenting Anglo-Turkish family within the center East within the early chilly warfare interval, Mustafa Bilgin identifies very designated phases within the dating among Britain and Turkey. sooner than 1952 Turkey relied seriously on Britain to guard it from the 'Soviet menace'. In go back for Britain's help, Turkey acted as a decent dealer in Britain's more and more tough family with key heart japanese states corresponding to Egypt, Iran and Iraq. despite the fact that, Turkey's realisation that it might probably now not depend on Britain, inspired via Britain's blockading of Turkish club of NATO in 1952, resulted in a brand new alliance among Turkey and the U.S..
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Additional info for Britain and Turkey in the Middle East: Politics and Influence in the Early Cold War Era
The British government, at one stage, had even considered offering some minor concessions to the Turkish government on the Mosul issue in order to gain her sympathy. 70 The British Ambassador maintained that THE HISTORICAL BACKGROUND TO 1945 27 it was in the interests of Britain to be ready to protect Turkey from all threats and encroachments. 71 The Question of Regional Security and Anglo-Turkish Relations (1930–37) In the early 1930s Europe entered into a period of political instability as a result of the policies adopted by the revisionist powers.
The question of Turkey’s neutrality was one of the crucial issues on the Allies’ agenda during the Second World War. The secondary literature suggests that Turkey’s policy was resolutely based on maintaining benevolent neutrality so long as she remained unassailable. The primary evidence however does not support this view. In fact, as early as 20 April 1939, the Turkish Cabinet concluded that ‘no such three options have existed [for Turkey] as either to side with Britain or to side with the Axis or to remain neutral.
33 In the summer of 1915 Hussein opened negotiations with Britain and in June 1916 he raised a revolt, with British aid, against the Turks. 34 After the revolt, Ahmet Cemal Pasha made many attempts to compromise with Hussein and continued to do so until the end of the conflict. In his letter to Hussein on 13 November 1917, he urged the necessity of religious union to oppose British advances in Palestine and affirmed that the Arabs could now attain their national aims through the good will of Turkey.
Britain and Turkey in the Middle East: Politics and Influence in the Early Cold War Era by Mustafa Bilgin