By James Douglas
A realistic advisor at the some ways to re-use development constructions via variation. disguise; construction variation; Contents; record of figures; checklist of tables; Preface to 2d version; Preface to 1st version; Disclaimer; Acknowledgements; 1 creation; 2 Feasibility; three ideas of changing constructions; four Adaptive reuses; five Lateral extensions; 6 Vertical extensions; 7 Structural changes; eight rules of refurbishment; nine additional features of refurbishment; 10 Sustainable variation; eleven Implementation; Appendices; thesaurus; Bibliography; Index
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6, respectively give an approximate indication of the time-scale and costs involved for typical range of small/medium/large-size adaptation schemes. They are based on typical projects but the lists are neither exhaustive nor precise and so should be used with care. 4 Estimated time-scales and costs of typical small-scale adaptation schemes Category of building Type of adaptation scheme Approximate timescale Typical cost range (@ 2006 Prices) Residential • New or replacement central heating system in two-bedroom flat.
It can be defined as the capacity of a building to absorb minor and major change (Grammenos and Russell, 1997). The five criteria of adaptability are: ● ● ● ● ● Convertibility: Allowing for changes in use (economically, legally, technically). Dismantlability: Capable of being demolished safely, efficiently and speedily – in part or in whole. e. recyclable) as possible. Expandability: Allowing for increases in volume or capacity (the latter can be achieved by inserting an additional floor in a building, which does not increase its volume).
E. synchronically). Condition assessments, dilapidations surveys, structural inspections and other types of building surveys as defined by the Construction Industry Council (CIC, 1997) are examples of synchronic appraisals. They are in other words snapshot views of a building in time. As a result they only tell a partial story of its service life. e. diachronically). This requires a more holistic approach to buildings to set them in their historical, temporal and physical contexts. Building adaptation is the process by which they are made to respond to these influences.
Building Adaptation by James Douglas