By Maria Mutti, Werner E. Piller, Christian Betzler
The Oligocene and Miocene Epochs include crucial stages within the Cenozoic international cooling that led from a greenhouse to an icehouse Earth.Recent significant advances within the knowing and time-resolution of weather occasions happening at the present, in addition to the proliferation of reviews on Oligocene and Miocene shallow-water/neritic carbonate structures, invite us to reconsider the importance of those carbonate platforms within the context of adjustments in weather and Earth floor tactics. Carbonate platforms, as a result of a large dependence at the ecological standards of organisms generating the sediment, are delicate recorders of alterations in environmental stipulations in the world surface.The papers incorporated during this distinctive ebook handle the dynamic evolution of carbonate platforms deposited through the Oligocene and Miocene within the context on climatic and Earth surfaces strategies concentrating on climatic developments and controls over deposition; temporal alterations in carbonate manufacturers and palaeoecology; carbonate terminology; facies; techniques and environmental parameters (including water temperature and creation intensity profiles); carbonate manufacturers and their spatial and temporal variability; and tectonic controls over structure.
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Additional info for Carbonate Systems During the Olicocene-Miocene Climatic Transition: (Special Publication 42 of the IAS) (International Association Of Sedimentologists Series)
In the Indo-Pacific province, highly diverse reefs were located in the tropics, those having a moderate diversity occurred in the entire latitudinal range, while reefs of low diversity developed close to the northern and southern margins of the reef-belt. No specific distribution is seen in the Caribbean-Western Atlantic region, probably because Chattian and Miocene buildups in this area are developed only in the tropical zone. By contrast, the Mediterranean Province was mainly characterized by reefs of low to moderate diversity and several high-diversity buildups were developing at palaeolatitudes between 40 and 50 N.
The total volume of reefs was calculated for each sub-epoch, after removing the subsurface buildups (Fig. 2), which may introduce some bias in the size of reefs (Kiessling, 2002, 2006). The results differ in some important details from the simple counts. First, there is a peak in the Late Eocene, which is largely due to one large reef tract in Turkey (Kemper, 1966; Keskin, 1966). Second, there is little change across the Oligocene–Miocene transition but a pronounced increase from the Early to the Middle Miocene.
1994) Ancient reef ecosystem expansion and collapse. Coral Reefs, 33, 3–11. , Pike, J. and Line, C. (2001) Early Oligocene initiation of North Atlantic Deep Water formation. Nature, 410, 917–920. M. and Pollard, D. (2003) Rapid Cenozoic glaciation of Antarctica induced by declining atmospheric CO2. Nature, 421, 245–249. A. P. ) barrier reef on a predominantly cool-water carbonate continental margin Eucla basin, western Great Australian Bight. Geology, 23, 427–430. G. (1984) The two Phanerozoic supercycles.
Carbonate Systems During the Olicocene-Miocene Climatic Transition: (Special Publication 42 of the IAS) (International Association Of Sedimentologists Series) by Maria Mutti, Werner E. Piller, Christian Betzler